The hearth of our religious history, icons and cultural heritage beginning from the Ganga-Yamuna doab to Middle Ganga Plains, in the geographical context of our nation, neither north nor east, neither mountainous nor littoral, just a long and broad stretch of vast plains – a gift of the Holy river and Holy Mother, she is fondly called by her sons and daughters as Ma Ganga.
The Britishers called it North Western Provinces in the beginning when their boundary ended near Punjab but when Afghanistan adventure began in the name of establishing a ‘scientific frontier’ and certain territories nearby Afghanistan were indeed captured, they found a new boundary and named those territories as North Western Frontier Provinces or NWFP comprising mainly of Pathans as a community. This added to the confusion in the name of the two provinces. Hence it was decided that North Western Provinces would be renamed as United Provinces of Agra and Oudh which included Rohilkhand, Northern Bundelkhand, Eastern areas of Varanasi, Gorakhpur and nearby districts and the districts south and west of the Kingdom of Nepal. Allahabad was made the centre of British rule for this new and large province. The name was abbreviated as U.P. Later, after Indian independence it was named as Uttar Pradesh keeping the abbreviation same.
The electorates of UP are standing on a ‘political frontier’ today in which the situation of the state is in dire need of going north in the context of economic growth and prosperity with some western deviations granted so that the old name ‘North Western’ Provinces lends the state a meaning of growth, development and overall socio-economic prosperity this time.
Skirting through the recent political history of the state I will focus on areas in which UP can raise its level up and keep going north so that it achieves its full potential. These 3 sectors I call the 3S of UP representing the 3 traditional sectors of Economics viz. Primary, Secondary and Tertiary. So, the primary sector is represented by sugarcane, secondary by saree, tertiary by Software and rightly so, Sugarcane belt of Western UP, Saree of Benares and adjoining areas and Software of Noida and Greater Noida.